At Good Samaritan Medical & Dental, your health and well-being are our top priorities. We offer comprehensive care for melanoma, a serious form of skin cancer. Understanding melanoma’s signs, causes, and treatment options is crucial for early detection and effective management.

What is Melanoma?

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that begins in melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells in the skin. Melanoma occurs when these cells transform into malignant tumours due to DNA mutations, leading to uncontrolled growth. Melanoma is particularly dangerous because it can spread rapidly to other parts of the body.

Causes and Risk Factors

The primary cause of melanoma is exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or tanning beds. Other risk factors include having a family history of melanoma, a weakened immune system, a large number of moles, and a history of sunburns, especially during childhood.

Warning Signs

Melanoma often presents as an unusual mole or pigmented lesion on the skin. It’s important to be aware of the ABCDEs of melanoma:

  • A: Asymmetry in mole shape
  • B: Border irregularity
  • C: Colour changes and unevenness
  • D: Diameter larger than 6mm
  • E: Evolution in size, shape, colour, elevation, or symptoms

 If you observe any of these signs, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention. Early detection significantly improves the chances of successful treatment.

Diagnosis and Evaluation

Diagnosing melanoma involves a physical exam and a review of medical history. Then, a biopsy is typically performed, where a sample of the suspicious mole or lesion is removed and examined under a microscope to provide an accurate diagnosis.

Available Treatment Options

Treatment for melanoma depends on the stage and extent of the cancer. Options include:

  • Surgical excision: Surgically removing the melanoma and a margin of healthy tissue.
  • Lymph node surgery: Removing nearby lymph nodes if the cancer has spread.
  • Immunotherapy: Boosting the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells.
  • Targeted therapy: Targeting specific weaknesses in the cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: Using chemotherapy drugs to destroy cancer cells.

The experienced medical professionals at Good Samaritan Medical & Dental are dedicated to diagnosing and treating melanoma with compassion and evidence-based measures. Please visit our clinic if you suspect any unusual moles or skin changes or need a professional evaluation. We are here to support your health.

Contact Us

Contact us today at 9522 3313 We aim to make the process easy for you. Our practice serves Sylvania and the surrounding areas.

When you've got a healthy smile, you're all set!